Plant Diversity of Bhutan - Checklists (Draft

Project Managers: Rinchen Yanzom and Michael B. Thomas
The eastern Himalayan kingdom of Bhutan is characterized as having a marked variation in altitude, ranging from the high Himalayan Mountains in the north to sub-tropical lowland areas in the south. The natural forests, which are rich in diversity and cover 72% of the country, provide wood and edible wild plants to the people. The practice of sustainable use of these forests as a renewable natural resource based on Buddhist ethics of sustainability has long been practices in the area. This has meant that people in the region have become dependent on forests for their basic needs, such as wood, fuelwood, and food, and have developed a close association with nature. This is particularly true for the inhabitants of mountainous areas where sustainable use of forests in the form of traditional knowledge of medicinal use and belief in the curative effects of edible wild plants on human health are still an intrinsic component of life and culture.

This volume contains a checklist of the plants of the Kingdom of Bhutan produced using information gathered from historical and recent collections as well as many recent expeditions. The checklist contains 000 vascular plant families with 5,603 vascular plant species. Of these species, 000 (0.0%) are estimated to be introduced and naturalized and even fewer are invasive. The small number of naturalized species is a good in indication of the large amount of intact vegetation from this area of South America. The largest family is the Poaceae with 000 genera containing 000 species; 00 families are represented by only one species. Over 00 scientists from around the world participated in this project by identifying specimens and checking species lists. This volume should be of use to students, taxonomist, ecologists, and conservation biologists. This collection of plant checklists presents current nomenclatural and distribution linked to herbarium specimens deposited in the National Herbarium, National Biodiversity Centre.
Project supported by the United States Fulbright Scholar Program, Washington, D.C. (2017). The Fulbright Program is the flagship international educational exchan
Research Checklists
The Golden Key Symbol symbol opens the species list as an interactive key.

Development of the Consortium of Pacific Herbaria and several of the specimen databases have been supported by National Science Foundation Grants (BRC 1057303, ADBC 1304924 and ADBC1115116). Data Usage Policy. Copyright © 2015 University of Hawai‘i.

How to Cite: M.B. Thomas, J.F. Rock Herbarium, University of Hawaii at Manoa. 2015. Consortium of Pacific Herbaria Database (CPH). Available from: (date accessed)

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