Authors: Mashuri Waite
Publication: Waite, Mashuri. 2007. Mosses of Hawaii Volcanoes National Park. PCSU Technical Report 153.
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Locality: Hawaiian Islands
Abstract:

A checklist of the mosses of Hawaii Volcanoes National Park was compiled from species reported from the park in various reports and publications, and from specimens of park origin housed at the Hawaii Volcanoes National Park Herbarium and the Bernice P. Bishop Museum in Honolulu. Field surveys were conducted in the specialized habitats of geothermal features and lava tube entrances to search for new moss species. Two preliminary surveys were also conducted in the new Kahuku unit. One hundred thirteen taxa (110 species, one subspecies, and two varieties) are on the current checklist based on 111 taxa collected from within the park boundaries and three collected near the park. Six of these species are invasive or potentially invasive species warranting management concern. In total, 43 percent of all moss species in the Hawaiian Islands are represented at
the park.

Reference: http://manoa.hawaii.edu/hpicesu/techr/153/default.htm

Additional resources: Hawaiian Mosses Illustrations - Bartram, Edwin B. 1933. Manual of Hawaiian Mosses. Bernice P. Bishop Museum Bulletin 101. Bishop Museum Press. pp. 263


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Families: 64
Genera: 69
Species: 110 (species rank)
Total Taxa: 112 (including subsp. and var.)
endemic, K, O, Mo, L, Ma, H, Abundant. In wet forests on trees and logs. Representative specimens examined: Cuddihy 1742 ; Higashino & Katahira 9990, 9973 (HAVO).; Weber... B-81908 [BISH] , Weber... B-81953 [BISH]
indigenous, K, O, Mo, Ma, Uncommon. In wet forests on humus and logs. Specimens examined: Hoe 662.0, 1501.0 (BISH); Skottsberg 2010, 2028 (BISH); Waite 040622-03, 040710-z-01 (HAVO).
indigenous, Ma, H, Uncommon. Frequent on wet rock in high elevation lava tube entrances of Mauna Loa. Representative specimens examined: L.W. Cuddihy s.n. (HAVO); Waite 040617-06e, 040619-04-04, 040703-07-03, 040714-05a-7, 040715-03-03 (HAVO)
indigenous, Ma, H, Unknown abundance. On rock at high altitude. Notes: Vitt & Hoe (1980) first report this species in Hawaii based on specimens from Haleakala and Mauna Kea. Specimens examined: Waite 040714-06-08 (HAVO).
Anoectangium aestivum (Hedw.) Mitt. - English: anoectangium moss
indigenous, K, O, Mo, L, Ma, H, Common. Locally abundant on shaded, wet rock in lava tube tubes and lava cracks. Representative specimens examined: Weber & Bujakiewicz B-81931; Waite 040608-17a-1, 040702-04b, 040703-07-04, 040703-09-04, 040715-03-01, 040715-06-11 (HAVO)
endemic, K, O, Mo, Ma, H, Uncommon. Usually intermixed with A. aestivum in wetter cave entrances and rocky cliffs. Notes: Zander, et al. (1979) sunk A. haleakalae into A. aestivum. However, A. haleakalae is in the current list of world-wide accepted moss species (Magil et al. 2000 online at www.mobot.org) Specimens examined: Waite 040605-09, 040605-12a, 040617-3f, 040710-z-02, 040714-05a5 (HAVO).
endemic, K, O, Mo, L, Ma, H, Common. In very wet, shaded microhabitats such as on the forest floor in Olaa Tract and lava tube entrances in wet forest. Specimens examined: Weber & Bujakiewicz B-81933, B-81965 (BISH & HAVO); Cuddihy s.n.; Waite s.n. (HAVO).
endemic, K, O, Mo, Ma, H, Uncommon. On trees in mesic to wet forest. Specimens examined: Selling, O. 4694 (BISH); Waite s.n. (HAVO).
indigenous, K, O, Mo, Ma, H, Common. Locally abundant on exposed ash soil. Specimens examined: Waite 040607-24, 040607-36a, 040608-02h-1, 040703-01 (HAVO).
endemic, Ma, H, Unknown abundance. Specimens examined: None.
indigenous, K, Ma, H, Uncommon. On shaded rock or humus. Sometimes abundant in cave entrances. Specimens examined: Winona Char s.n.; Waite 040608-17b-3.1, 040617-07-05, 040619-04-01, 040715-06-01 (HAVO);
indigenous, K, O, Mo, Ma, H, Unknown abundance. On shaded damp soil. Specimens examined: Waite 040702-02-09(HAVO).
indigenous, H, Rare or extinct. Not collected in the Hawaiian Islands since the first specimen was collected From Kilauea, Island of Hawaii (Virtanen, 1997). Specimens examined: None.
indigenous or possibly misidentified alien, K, O, Ma, H, Uncommon. Locally abundant along roadsides near Kilauea Visitor Center and the Resources Management field station and likely to spread further along roadsides in the wetter parts of the park. Specimens examined: Hoe 1623.0 from Volcano Village (BISH): Waite 040622-01 (HAVO).
Bryum argenteum Hedw. - English: silvergreen bryum moss
indigenous, K, O, Ma, H, Common. Locally abundant on ash soil or rock. Only rarely with sporophytes. Specimens examined: Cuddihy s.n.; Waite 040607-35, 040619-05-03, 040712-03-01, 040715-06-07 (HAVO).
indigenous, O, Ma, H, Uncommon. Possibly more common but easily overlooked because of its small size. On shaded rock in dry habitats. Specimens examined: Cuddihy 1606, Cuddihy 1585; Waite 040703-09-07, 040722-B-03 (HAVO).
Bryum caespiticium Hedw. - English: dry calcareous bryum moss
indigenous, K, O, Mo, Ma, H, Unknown abundance. Easily overlooked because of its small size. On exposed soil or rock. Specimens examined: Waite 040722-A-02 (HAVO).
indigenous, K, O, Mo, Ma, H, Indigenous (Redfearn et al. (1996) extend the range of this species to China). Ma, H. Common. Easily overlooked because of its small size. On exposed humus or soil. Specimens examined Hoe s.n.; Cuddihy 1618; Waite 040608-02h-4, 040608-03a, 040617-05-02 (HAVO).
endemic, K, O, L, Ma, H, Uncommon. In shaded wet forest habitats. Specimens examined: L.W. Pratt s.n.; Higashino 9900; Weber & Bujakiewicz B-81952 (HAVO).
Calymperes tenerum C. Muell. - English: calymperes moss
indigenous, K, O, Mo, Ma, H, Unknown abundance. Collected by Hoe from area along the Kalapana Highway just outside the park now covered by lava. Probably still extant in forested low elevation kipukas. On shaded rocks and branches. Specimens examined: None.
indigenous, K, O, Mo, Ma, H, Unknown abundance. Easily confused with Campylopus species on humus and tree trunks in wet forests. Specimens examined: Weber & Bujakiewicz B-81910; Winona Char s.n. (HAVO).
endemic, K, O, L, Ma, H, Abundant. On exposed rock or soil especially in dry areas but frequent along roadsides in wet areas. Representative specimens examined: Hoe 1252; Higashino & Muller 9870; Cuddihy 1617; Waite 040608-18a, 040617-08, 040624-01-04, 040720-09-02, 040721-01-02 (HAVO).
indigenous, K, O, Mo, Ma, Unknown abundance. Specimens examined: Weber & Bujakiewicz B-81921; Waite 040620-07-02, 040624-01-01(HAVO).
endemic, K, O, Mo, Ma, H, Abundant. On tree trunks, humus, and shaded rocks in mesic to wet forests. Representative specimens examined: Weber & Bujakiewicz B-81907; Waite 040607-04a, 040607-25, 040607-30a (HAVO).
endemic, K, O, Mo, L, Ma, H, Abundant. On tree trunks and humus in mesic to wet forests. Specimens examined: Weber & Bujakiewicz B-81938, B-81967; Higashino & Muller 9852; Waite 040607-11a, 040616-02, 040710-x-01 (HAVO).
indigenous, K, O, Mo, L, Ma, H, Unknown abundance. Specimens examined: None.
endemic, K, O, L, Ma, H, Unknown abundance. Very similar in appearance to C. exasperatus. Specimens examined: None.
indigenous, K, O, Ma, H, Abundant. Abundant on exposed soil between 1500-2100 m (5000-7000 ft.) elevation. Representative specimens examined: Weber & Bujakiewicz B-81895; W.J. Hoe 1261; Winona Char s.n.; T. Belfield s.n.; Waite 040624-08-02, 040702-02-05, 040702-07a (HAVO).
indigenous, K, O, L, Ma, H, Abundant. On exposed rock or soil in dry to wet locations. Representative specimens examined: Waite 040608-06b, 040620-06-05, 040710-03 (HAVO).
endemic, K, Ma, H, Unknown abundance. This is recorded from the park based on a single specimen at BISH. Specimens examined: None.
Ceratodon purpureus (Hedw.) Brid. - English: ceratodon moss
indigenous, K, O, Ma, H, Abundant. Usually on exposed ash soil and rock but also in cave entrances at higher elevations. Representative specimens examined: Hoe s.n.; MacDonald s.n.; Smathers s.n.; Waite 040605-03, 040702-07c, 040714-06-09, 040715-06-04, 040718-03-04, 040722-B-01 (HAVO).
endemic, O, Ma, H, Unknown abundance. Specimens examined: None.
endemic, K, O, Mo, Ma, Unknown abundance. Specimens examined: Cuddihy s.n.; Waite 040718-07c-02, 040725-11-02 (HAVO).
endemic, O, Mo, Ma, H, Abundant. On exposed ash soil. Representative specimens examined: Hoe s.n., Weber & Bujakiewicz B-81919; Waite 040624-08-06, 040702-02-06, 040718-03-03, 040718-07a, 040718-08 (HAVO).
indigenous, K, O, Mo, Ma, H, Uncommon. On humus and tree trunks in wet forest. Specimens examined: Higashino & Allen 10179; Waite 040710-z-04 (HAVO).
endemic, K, O, Mo, Ma, H, Common. On humus and logs in mesic to wet vegetation. Representative specimens examined: Higashino & Allen 10187; Hoe 1256; Weber & Bujakiewicz B-81923; Waite 040607-40, 040608-02a, 040702-04f (HAVO).
Didymodon insulanus (De Not.) M.O. Hill - unspecified: didymodon moss
indigenous, O, Ma, Unknown abundance. On soil and rock. Specimens examined: Weber & Bujakiewicz B-81899, B-81900; Waite 040608-16a, 040715-03-02 (HAVO).
Didymodon vinealis (Brid.) Zand. - English: didymodon moss
indigenous, H (this report), Unknown abundance. On soil. Notes: D. vinealis, in its current circumscription, is a new record for the Hawaiian Islands. Old concepts of D. vinealis included a taxon already recorded from the Hawaiian Islands as a variety but now classified as the separate species D. insulanus. Specimens examined: Waite 040702-02-07, 040703-09-03 (HAVO).
endemic, K, O, Mo, L, Ma, H, Common. On wet soil or humus in understory of wet forests. Representative specimens examined: Weber & Bujakiewicz B-81989; Higashino 9894, 9899; Waite s.n. (HAVO)
endemic, K, O, Mo, L, Ma, H, Common. On wet soil or humus in understory of wet forests. Specimens examined: Cuddihy 1741; Higashino & Katahira 9987; Weber & Bujakiewicz B-81947; Waite s.n., 040725-08a-03 (HAVO).
endemic, K, O, Ma, H, Unknown abundance. Specimens examined: None.
endemic, K, O, Mo, Ma, H, Common. On humus in partially shaded mesic to wet habitats. Specimens examined: Anonymous 1913; Waite s.n., 040607-01, 040607-12, 040609-02f, 040702-02-01(HAVO).
indigenous, K, O, Mo, L, Ma, H, Unknown abundance. Specimens examined: None.
endemic, K, O, Mo, L, Ma, H, Common. On partially shaded, damp soil. Specimens examined: Cuddihy 1695; Waite 040702-02-12, 040720-02 (HAVO).
endemic, O, Mo, H, Unknown abundance. Common on Sapindus trees in Kipuka Puaulu. Specimens examined: Waite 040718-02-04 (HAVO).
Fissidens bryoides Hedw. - English: bryoid fissidens moss
indigenous, K, O, Mo, L, Ma, H, Abundant. On damp soil in deep shade such as under logs and in cave entrances. Representative specimens examined: Weber & Bujakiewicz B-81949; Waite 040608-17b-2, 040617-01a, 040619-04-05, 040715-04-05 (HAVO).
indigenous, K, O, Mo, L, Ma, H, Common. On damp soil or rock in deep shade such as in lava tube entrances. Specimens examined: Waite 040721-01-01, 040722-01 (HAVO).
endemic, K, O, L, Ma, H, Unknown abundance. Its minute size makes it difficult to locate. Hoe & Crum (1971) described this as new species from hapu`u (Cibotium) stipes at Thurston Lava Tube, Hawaii Volcanoes National Park. Specimens examined: Hoe 1072.0 (HAVO).
endemic, K, O, Mo, L, Ma, H, Unknown abundance. This genus typically inhabits deeply shaded wet environments. Specimens examined: None.
Funaria hygrometrica Hedw. - English: funaria moss
indigenous, O, H, Unknown abundance. Usually present as a weed on potting media in the green houses at near the Resource Management Field Station. An ephemeral species that usually appears in great numbers on exposed soil in the second year after fires in the park such as at Hilina Pali (CW Smith pers. comm.). Specimens examined: Waite 040610-01 (HAVO).
indigenous, Ma, Abundant. On exposed rock and soil at higher elevations such as at the top of the Mauna Loa Strip Road. Representative specimens examined: Anonymous s.n.; Waite 040608-13, 040619-02-02, 040714-06-05 (HAVO).
Grimmia trichophylla Grev. - English: grimmia dry rock moss
indigenous, Ma, H, Unknown abundance. Specimens examined: Waite 040619-05-02, 040715-06-03(HAVO).
endemic, K, O, Mo, L, Ma, H, Common. On tree branches in wet forests. Specimens examined: Cuddihy 1509; Hoe 1584; Waite 040612-04-04 (HAVO).
indigenous, K, O, Mo, L, Ma, H, Common. On tree trunks in wet forests. Representative Specimens examined: Cuddihy 1562; Higashino & Muller 9866; Weber & Bujakiewicz B-81948; T. Belfield s.n. (HAVO).
Hookeria acutifolia Hook. & Grev. - English: sharpleaf hookeria moss
indigenous, O, L, Ma, H, Common. On deeply shaded soil in wet forests. Specimens examined: Weber & Bujakiewicz B-81996; Cuddihy s.n.; Waite s.n. (HAVO).
Hyophila involuta (Hook.) Jaeg. - English: hyophila moss
indigenous, K, O, Mo, Ma, H, Uncommon. Rock walls and trails. Specimens examined: Waite 040720-04-03, 040722-B-04 (HAVO).
alien, O (recent coll Waite), Mo(recent coll Stone), Ma, , Abundant. Invasive along roads, trails, and lawns in wet to mesic areas. Potentially invasive in other open canopy vegetation. Representative specimens examined: Cuddihy s.n.; Weber & Bujakiewicz B-81912; Waite 040702-01a, 040702-02-02, 040717-03, 040718-03-02 (HAVO).
indigenous, K, O, Mo, L, Ma, H, Abundant. In wet microhabitats. Representative specimens examined: Cuddihy 1612; Higashino 9897; Smathers s.n.; Waite 040715-03-05, 040717-02, 040718-07c-05 (HAVO).
endemic, K, O, Mo, Ma, H, Unknown abundance. Only one record from the park. Specimens examined: Waite 040620-06-01 (HAVO).
Leptobryum pyriforme (Hedw.) Wils. - English: leptobryum moss
indigenous, Ma, H, Unknown abundance. This species is probably present in the park based on its presence just outside the park. Skottsberg also collected it once from the vicinity of Kilauea (Bartram 1933). Specimens examined: Waite 040606-01 from residence in Volcano near park (HAVO).
Leptodontium flexifolium (With.) Hampe in Lindb. - English: leptodontium moss; unspecified: zygodon moss
indigenous, M, H, Abundant. On exposed ash soil at higher elevations. Representative specimens examined: Winona Char s.n.; Cuddihy s.n.; Waite 040617-05-01, 040619-01-03, 040619-05-06, 040702-07d (HAVO).
endemic, K, O, Mo, L, Ma, H, Abundant. On humus and tree trunks in mesic to wet forests. Representative specimens examined: Cuddihy 1633; Weber & Bujakiewicz B-81904; Higashino 9908; Waite 040608-02b-1, 040620-06-02, 040718-07c-04 (HAVO).
endemic, K, O, Mo, L, Ma, H, Common. On humus and tree trunks in mesic to wet forests. Representative specimens examined: Cooper s.n.; Cuddihy 1461; Hoe 1265; Higashino, Cuddihy, Weber, & Bujakiewicz 9875 (HAVO).
indigenous, K, O, Mo, Ma, H, Unknown abundance. Epiphytic on small trees at the end of Mauna Loa Strip Road. Specimens examined: Cuddihy s.n.; Waite 040619-a-01 (HAVO).
endemic, K, O, Mo, L, Ma, H, Unknown abundance. Collected from Kipuka Puaulu and Kipuka Ki in 1966 by Hoe. Specimens examined: None.
endemic, K, O, Mo, L, Ma, H, Probably present. This species was collected in 1983 from Kalapana outside the park (HAVO) growing epiphytically on a mango tree trunk. Specimens examined: Weber & A. Bujakiewicz B-82000 (HAVO).
indigenous, K, O, Mo, L, Ma, H, Abundant. On trees in wet forests. Specimens examined: L.W. Cuddihy 1601; Hoe 1245; Smathers s.n.; Waite 040612-04-02 (HAVO).
endemic, K, O, Mo, L, Ma, H, Abundant. On trees in wet forests. Representative specimens examined: Cuddihy 1570, 1431; Hoe 1258; Waite 040608-02d (HAVO).
Orthotrichum diaphanum Brid. - English: orthotrichum moss
indigenous, M, H, Unknown abundance. Epiphytic on trees and shrubs. Specimens examined: Hoe 981.0 (BISH).
endemic, Ma, H, Unknown abundance. Epiphytic on trees and shrubs. Specimens examined: Hoe 828.1, 836.0 (BISH); Vitt 14955, 14956 (BISH).
indigenous, O, Ma, H, Unknown abundance. Epiphytic on trees and shrubs.
endemic, K, O, Mo, L, Ma, H, Common. In damp, shaded places on humus, tree trunks, and rock. Variable in size and in degree of pitting in the leaf cells. Smaller sized plants with little or no pitting of the leaf cells were once recognized as the distinct variety P. w. sciuroides. This form is especially common at Kipuka Puaulu on Sapindus trunks. Representative specimens examined: Char s.n.; Cuddihy 1728; Weber & Bujakiewicz B-81960; Waite 040607-16, 040607-33, 040619-04-02, 040718-02-02 (HAVO).
indigenous, O, Ma, H, Unknown abundance. Very similar in appearance to the abundant Thuidium cymbifolium. Specimens examined: Hoe 828.0 (BISH).
indigenous, K, O, Mo, Ma, Unknown abundance. Specimens examined: Cuddihy 1701; Waite s.n. (HAVO).
endemic, K, O, Mo, L, Ma, H, Unknown abundance. Specimens examined: Waite (HAVO).
endemic, O, Ma, H, Unknown abundance. Specimens examined: Cuddihy 1608 (HAVO)
indigenous, K, O, Mo, L, Ma, H, Common. On damp soil and humus. Specimens examined: Waite 040718-03-01(HAVO).
indigenous, K, O, Mo, Ma, H, Unknown abundance. On wet soil or rock in shaded places. Specimens examined: Cuddihy 1552; Weber & Bujakiewicz B-81995; Higashino, Cuddihy, Weber, & Bujakiewicz 9877 (HAVO).
indigenous, K, O, Mo, Ma, H, Common. On deeply shaded wet soil, humus, or rock. Specimens examined: Cuddihy 1552; Weber & Bujakiewicz B-81995; Higashino, Cuddihy, Weber, & Bujakiewicz 9877 (HAVO).
indigenous, K, O, Mo, L, Ma, H, Common. On wet soil banks. Specimens examined: Higashino & Katahira 9979; Higashino & Muller 9869; Higashino, Cuddihy, Weber, & Bujakiewicz 9874; Cuddihy s.n.; Waite 040702-02-08 (HAVO).
indigenous, K, O, Mo, Ma, H, Unknown abundance. Specimens examined: Weber &. Bujakiewicz B-81905; Waite 040617-03g (HAVO).
Polytrichum commune Hedw. - English: polytrichum moss
alien, H, Common. On exposed soil along roadsides and in the shrub lands between Kilauea Military Camp and the Hawaiian Volcano Observatory. Extremely abundant outside the park along Highway 11 in Glenwood. Specimens examined: Waite 040605-12b, 040624-08-04 (HAVO).
Polytrichum piliferum Hedw. - English: polytrichum moss
indigenous, Ma, H, Unknown abundance. On exposed soil. Specimens examined: Waite 040702-07e (HAVO).
Pseudoscleropodium purum (Hedw.) Fleisch. in Broth. - English: pseudoscleropodium moss
alien, H, Common. Locally abundant along roadsides and lawns and in the Kipuka Puaulu forest. Representative specimens examined: Weber & Bujakiewicz B-81962, B-81924 (HAVO); Vitt 15087 (BISH); Waite 040605-05, 040605-11, 040620-01-01 (HAVO).
indigenous, K, O, Mo, Ma, H, Uncommon. Locally common to abundant on the wet cliff walls of Olaa Trench. Specimens examined: Jacobi s.n.; Waite 040710-y-02 (HAVO).
endemic, K, O, Mo, L, Ma, H, Unknown abundance. This is an uncertain species for the park because specimens identified as this species in the past are not typical P. pungens and instead intermediate in form between P. spiniforme and P. pungens. The leaf blades of typical P. pungens end more or less abruptly near the base of the leaf while the blades of typical P. spiniforme are relatively broad from the base all the way to the tip of the leaf. P. pungens is also usually larger than P. spiniforme. The P. pungens identified from the park are large but have leaf blades that, although very narrow, extend all the way to the tip of the leaf. Specimens examined: Fagerlund, G.O. & A.L. Mitchell 189, 255 (BISH); Higashino, Cuddihy, Weber, & Bujakiewicz 9876; P.K. Higashino 9890, 9909 (HAVO).
Pyrrhobryum spiniforme (Hedw.) Mitt. - English: pyrrhobryum moss
indigenous, K, O, Mo, L, Ma, H, Abundant. Widespread on humus and tree trunks in wet forests. Representative specimens examined: Weber & Bujakiewicz B-81935; Higashino & Muller 9847; Waite 040607-06 (HAVO).
indigenous, K, Ma, H, Unknown abundance. Reported from the vicinity of Kilauea, Hawaii Island, based on one specimen collected by Lieutenant Hinds (Bartram, 1933). Specimens examined: None.
indigenous, K, O, Mo, Ma, H, Abundant. Abundant on lava rock especially at higher elevations above 1500 m (5000 ft.). Note: Vitt & Marsh (1988) revised Ramomitrium lanuginosum and R. determined that all R. lanuginosum and R. pruinosum in Hawaii were Rpruinosum and lanuginosum var. lanuginosum, that specimens previously identified as R. pruinosum were in fact misidentified variable R. lanuginosum. Representative specimens examined: Cuddihy 1602, Higashino & Katahira 9976; Fagerlund & Mitchell 70; Waite 040607-14, 040624-08-01, 040702-04a, 040713-05-01(HAVO).
indigenous, K, O, Mo, L, Ma, H, Abundant. On soil, rock, or bark in mesic to wet forest. Representative specimens examined: Cuddihy 1609: Higashino & Katahira 9973; Belfield/LG 32; Waite 040607-32b, 040718-02-03 (HAVO).
indigenous, K, O, Mo, L, Ma, H, Common. On humus and tree trunks in wet forests. Specimens examined: Cuddihy 1565; Higashino & Katahira 9948; Waite 040616-01 (HAVO).
indigenous, K, O, Mo, Ma, H, Unknown abundance. In wet forest. Specimens examined: Weber & Bujakiewicz B-81908 (HAVO).
endemic, K, O, Mo, Ma, H, Unknown abundance. In wet forest. Specimens examined: Cuddihy s.n. (HAVO).
indigenous, O, Ma, H, Unknown abundance. Collected twice in 1966 by Bill Hoe from the Mauna Loa Trail. Specimens examined: None.
indigenous, K, O, Ma, H, Uncommon. On soil and rock at higher elevations especially in lava tube entrances. Representative specimens examined: Waite 040607-38, 040619-04-03, (HAVO).040703-05-02, 040715-02-01
endemic, Ma, H, Uncommon. On soil at higher elevations including in lava tube entrances. Representative specimens examined: MacDonald s.n.; Waite 040702-04h, 040703-05-05, 040703-07-02, 040714-05b-09(HAVO).
endemic, H, Rare. Sulphur Banks on rock and ash substrate is the only locality known to date. Specimens examined: Siegel s.n. (BISH); Hoe 4852.0 (BISH); Waite 040620-09-01, 040624-10-01, 040624-12-03, 040624-13-07 (HAVO).
indigenous, K, O, L, Ma, H, Common. Widespread from low to high elevations on shaded soil, rock or bark in mesic to wet vegetation. Representative specimens examined: Waite 040612-04-01, 040619-03-03, 040717-01, 040722-A-01(HAVO).
Sematophyllum subpinnatum (Brid.) Britt. - English: sematophyllum moss
alien, O, H, Probably present. On trees and rocks in wet forests. Not collected in the park but abundant in lower elevation wet forests and probably present in the lower elevation forest kipukas in the Kalapana section of the park. Specimens examined: Waite 040612-07 from Waiakea Forest Reserve, Road B off Stainback Hwy (HAVO).
Sphagnum palustre L. - English: prairie sphagnum
indigenous, O, H, Unknown abundance. Recently found in the park
indigenous, O, Ma, H, Unknown abundance. On Pritchardia beccariana trunks in Olaa Tract. Specimens examined: Waite s.n. (HAVO).
endemic, K, O, Mo, Ma, H, Unknown abundance. On tree trunks in wet forest. Specimens examined: Weber & Bujakiewicz B-81940, B-81941; Waite s.n. (HAVO).
Syrrhopodon prolifer Schwaegr. - English: syrrhopodon moss
indigenous, O, Mo, Ma, H, Unknown abundance. Specimens from Kilauea, Island of Hawaii were originally described as an endemic species in 1900. Specimens examined: None.
indigenous, K, O, Mo, L, Ma, H, Common. On rock and bark in wet to mesic forests. Specimens examined: Cuddihy 1727, Cuddihy 1702; Waite 040612-04-03, 040718-01-03 (HAVO).
indigenous, K, O, Mo, L, Ma, H, Abundant. On humus, rock, and tree trunks in shaded, wet microhabitats from forest to lava tube entrances. Representative specimens examined: Cuddihy 1481; Higashino & Katahira 9972; Hoe 1255; Waite 040607-18b, 040702-02-03, 040702-04d (HAVO).
Tortella humilis (Hedw.) Jenn. - English: tortella moss
indigenous, K, O, L, Ma, H, Unknown abundance. On exposed soil or rock. Specimens examined: Cuddihy s.n.; Waite 040617-05-05(HAVO).
indigenous, K, O, Mo, Ma, H, Common on damp, partially shaded soil. Specimens examined: Higashio & Muller 9870 (HAVO). Representative specimens examined: Weber & Bujakiewicz B-81915; Hoe s.n., Hoe 1578; Waite 040607-12a, 040607-15, 040607-29b, 040608-05, 040609-01a (HAVO).
Trichostomum crispulum Bruch in F. Muell. - English: trichostomum moss
indigenous, K, O, Mo, L, Ma, H, Abundant. On soil, humus, and rock in dry to mesic areas especially on the west side of Kahuku unit.
endemic, K, O, Mo, L, Ma, H, Common. On soil and humus in shaded wet microhabitats. Specimens examined: Higashino & Cuddihy 9873; Waite 040722-D-02, 040725-08a-01, 040725-09-01, 040725-11-01 (HAVO).
Weissia controversa Hedw. - English: controverial weissia moss
indigenous, Ni, K, O, H, Unknown abundance. On soil. Difficult to distinguish from the following Weissia species. Specimens examined: None identified to species.
endemic, K, O, Mo, L, Ma, H, Unknown abundance. On soil. Difficult to distinguish from W. controversa. Specimens examined: Waite 040608-06a (HAVO).
indigenous, K, O, Ma, H, Common. On trees and shrubs an occasionally on shaded rock or soil in mesic to dry vegetation above 1200 m (4000 ft). Representative specimens examined: Char s.n.; Weber & Bujakiewicz B-81898; Waite 040608-19, 040619-03-01, 040619-05-01, 040718-02-01 (HAVO).

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Development of the Consortium of Pacific Herbaria and several of the specimen databases have been supported by National Science Foundation Grants (BRC 1057303, ADBC 1304924 and ADBC1115116). Data Usage Policy. Copyright © 2015 University of Hawai‘i.

How to Cite: M.B. Thomas, J.F. Rock Herbarium, University of Hawaii at Manoa. 2015. Consortium of Pacific Herbaria Database (CPH). Available from: http://www.pacificherbaria.org/ (date accessed)

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