Authors: Michael B. Thomas
Less Details
Locality: Hawaiian Islands

Canoe plants are plants taken from ancient Polynesia and transplanted to other Pacific Islands. The term is particularly used to refer to plants brought to Hawaiʻi 1,700 years ago by Polynesian explorers.

Common Names
Common Names
Display as Images
Show Taxa Alphabetically
Families: 17
Genera: 22
Species: 24 (species rank)
Total Taxa: 25 (including subsp. and var.)
Cordyline fruticosa
English: good luck plant, ti plant; Hawaiian: kī
Alocasia macrorrhiza
Hawaiian: `ape
Colocasia esculenta
English: wild taro, coco yam; Hawaiian: kalo; unspecified: malanga
Xanthosoma robustum
Spanish: capote; English: rosy malanga
Cocos nucifera
English: Coconut Palm; Hawaiian: niu; Spanish: Palma de Coco
Calophyllum inophyllum
English: mastwood
Lagenaria siceraria
English: bottle gourd
Lagenaria vulgaris
English: bottle gourd
Dioscorea alata
English: winged yam
Dioscorea bulbifera
English: bitter yam
Dioscorea pentaphylla
English: fiveleaf yam
Aleurites moluccana
Chomorro: Raguar; English: Candleberry tree, Varnish tree; Filipino: Lumbang; Hawaiian: Kukui; Palauan: Sakan; Tongan: tuitui
Hibiscus tiliaceus
English: mahoe; Hawaiian: hau
Thespesia populnea
English: seaside mahoe; Hawaiian: milo
Artocarpus altilis
English: breadfruit
Broussonetia papyrifera
Hawaiian: wauke
Musa sp.
English: Banana
Eugenia malaccensis
English: Malaysian apple; Hawaiian: `ohia `ai
Piper methysticum
Hawaiian: kava, `ala`ala wai nui, `awa
Saccharum officinarum
English: sugarcane; Hawaiian: kō
Morinda citrifolia
English: Indian mulberry; Hawaiian: noni
Tacca leontopetaloides
English: Polynesian arrowroot
Touchardia latifolia
Hawaiian: olona
Curcuma longa
Hawaiian: `Ōlena
Zingiber zerumbet
English: ginger; Hawaiian: `Awapuhi kuahiwi

Development of the Consortium of Pacific Herbaria and several of the specimen databases have been supported by National Science Foundation Grants (BRC 1057303, ADBC 1304924 and ADBC1115116). Data Usage Policy. Copyright © 2015 University of Hawai‘i.

How to Cite: M.B. Thomas, J.F. Rock Herbarium, University of Hawaii at Manoa. 2015. Consortium of Pacific Herbaria Database (CPH). Available from: (date accessed)

Macroalgal Herbarium Portal | Mycology Collections Portal | North American Lichen Herbaria | iDigBio