Authors: Michael B. Thomas
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Locality: Kanaloa
Abstract:

Plants of Kaho‘olawe: A Bi-lingual Digital Resource, Katie L. Kamelamela, Michael B. Thomas, and Tom Ranker

Native Hawaiian culture is heavily dependent upon biological resources, primarily plant resources. Much of the contemporary biological knowledge about Kaho‘olawe is available only in English and not presented in Hawaiian, an official language of the State of Hawai‘i. A new biological plant database and digital collection of plants of Kaho‘olawe was developed to increase general access to herbarium specimens and related digital plant photographs. Through utilizing historically published literature, the online Hawaii Ecosystem at Risk (HEAR) project, and consultation with the Kaho‘olawe Island Reserve Commission, 242 vascular plant species (61 families) were identified. Species names were updated utilizing the International Taxonomic Integrated System and HEAR digital photographs were connected to the database when available. In the Joseph F. Rock Herbarium an internal search for herbarium specimens was conducted producing 73% of the total plants of Kaho‘olawe list. Digital images were created of each representative specimen.

A database model was developed for dissemination of the plants of Kaho‘olawe online interface including presentation of taxonomic plant information, descriptions, digital photographs and images of herbarium specimens. The English web site interface terms were translated to complete the development of a Hawaiian language interface. Resulting from this project is a functional bi-lingual digital library, evaluation data, a standard methodology for compiling previously documented biological data and increased awareness and use of the library reference collection. This bi-lingual model supports institutions that prioritize empowering native speakers.

http://www.herbarium.hawaii.edu/efloras/kahoolawe

Data was migrated to the herbarium data portal in Spring of 2016.


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Families: 122
Genera: 132
Species: 179 (species rank)
Total Taxa: 180 (including subsp. and var.)
Abutilon grandifolium (Willd.) Sweet - English: Hairy abutilon, hairy Indian mallow
Abutilon incanum (Link) Sweet - unspecified: shrubby Indian mallow; English: pelotazo, Pringle's abutilon
Acacia confusa Merr. - unspecified: sosigi
Acanthospermum australe (Loefl.) Kuntze - English: Paraguayan starburr; unspecified: southern starburr
Achyranthes splendens var. splendens - English: Maui chaff flower
Agave sisalana Perrine - Spanish: Maguey de Sisal
Ageratum conyzoides L. - English: tropical whiteweed
Amaranthus spinosus L. - English: pigweed
Amaranthus viridis L. - English: slender amaranth; unspecified: slender amaranth
Anagallis arvensis L. - English: pimpernel, scarlet pimpernel
Antirrhinum orontium L. - unspecified: linearleaf snapdragon
Argemone glauca var. glauca - English: smooth pricklypoppy
Artemisia australis Less. - English: Oahu wormwood
Asclepias curassavica L. - English: wild ipecacuanha
Atriplex semibaccata R.Br. - unspecified: Australian saltweed
Batis maritima L. - English: saltwort
Bidens mauiensis (A.Gray) Sherff - English: Maui beggarticks; Hawaiian: ko`oko`olau
Bidens pilosa L. - unspecified: matakaro
Boerhavia coccinea Mill. - English: scarlet spiderling
Boerhavia repens L. - English: anena
Bothriochloa pertusa (L.) A.Camus - unspecified: pitted beardgrass
Capparis sandwichiana DC. - English: pus pilo
Carex meyenii Nees - English: Meyen's sedge
Casuarina equisetifolia L. - English: common ironwood
Catharanthus roseus (L.) G.Don - English: Madagascar periwinkle
Cenchrus ciliaris L. - unspecified: buffelgrass, kikuyugrass
Cenchrus echinatus L. - English: field sandbur
Cenchrus polystachios (L.) Morrone - unspecified: missiongrass, thin napiergrass
Cenchrus setaceus (Forssk.) Morrone - unspecified: fountaingrass
Cenchrus tribuloides L. - unspecified: sanddune sandbur
Centaurea melitensis L. - unspecified: tocalote
Chamaesyce celastroides (Boiss.) Croizat & O. Deg. - Hawaiian: `ekoko; English: `ekoko
Chenopodium murale L. - unspecified: nettle-leaf goosefoot
Chenopodium oahuense (Meyen) Aellen - English: alaweo, Molokai goosefoot
Chloris barbata Sw. - unspecified: swollen fingergrass
Chloris truncata R.Br. - unspecified: Australian fingergrass
Chloris virgata Sw. - unspecified: showy chloris
Cirsium vulgare (Savi) Ten. - unspecified: spear thistle, bull thistle
Cocos nucifera L. - English: Coconut Palm; Hawaiian: niu; Spanish: Palma de Coco
Coffea arabica L. - English: Arabian coffee
Conyza bonariensis (L.) Cronquist - English: hairy fleabane; unspecified: asthmaweed
Coronopus didymus (L.) Sm. - English: lesser swinecress
Cressa truxillensis Kunth - unspecified: alkaliweed, spreading alkaliweed
Crotalaria incana L. - English: shakeshake
Cucumis dipsaceus Ehrenb. ex Spach - English: hedgehog gourd
Cyanthillium cinereum (L.) H.Rob. - English: little ironweed; unspecified: little ironweed
Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers. - unspecified: motie molulu
Cyperus phleoides var. phleoides - English: Molokai flatsedge
Dactyloctenium aegyptium (L.) Willd. - unspecified: Durban crowsfoot grass
Desmanthus pernambucanus (L.) Thell. - English: pigeon bundleflower
Desmodium sandwicense E.Mey. - English: Hawai'i ticktrefoil
Desmodium tortuosum (Sw.) DC. - English: Dixie tick trefoil
Desmodium triflorum (L.) DC. - English: threeflower ticktrefoil
Dichanthium aristatum (Poir.) C.E.Hubb. - unspecified: Angleton bluestem
Dichanthium sericeum (R.Br.) A.Camus - unspecified: silky bluestem
Digitaria ciliaris (Retz.) Koeler - unspecified: tropical crabgrass
Dodonaea viscosa Jacq. - English: hopseed bush; Hawaiian: ‘a‘ali‘i
Echinochloa colona (L.) Link - unspecified: watergrass
Ehrharta stipoides Labill. - unspecified: meadow ricegrass
Eleocharis calva Torr. - unspecified: spikesedge
Emilia fosbergii Nicolson - English: Florida tasselflower
Eragrostis cilianensis (All.) Vignolo ex Janch. - unspecified: strongscented lovegrass
Eragrostis curvula (Schrad.) Nees - unspecified: weeping lovegrass
Eragrostis grandis Hillebr. - unspecified: large Hawai'i lovegrass
Eragrostis leptophylla Hitchc. - unspecified: mountain lovegrass
Erythrina sandwicensis O.Deg. - English: wili wili
Euphorbia heterophylla L. - unspecified: painted euphorbia
Euphorbia hirta L. - English: pillpod sandmat; unspecified: pill-pod sandmat
Euphorbia prostrata Aiton - English: ground spurge; unspecified: prostrate spurge
Exocarpos gaudichaudii A.DC. - English: hulumoa
Ficus microcarpa L.f. - English: laurel fig
Flaveria trinervia (Spreng.) C.Mohr - English: clustered yellowtops
Galinsoga parviflora Cav. - unspecified: gallantsoldier
Gamochaeta purpurea (L.) Cabrera - unspecified: spoon-leaf purple everlasting; English: spoonleaf purple everlasting
Gossypium tomentosum Nutt. ex Seem. - English: Hawai'i cotton; Hawaiian: ma`o
Gouania hillebrandii Oliv. - English: hairyfruit chewstick
Heliotropium anomalum var. argenteum A.Gray - English: Polynesian heliotrope
Heliotropium curassavicum L. - unspecified: seaside heliotrope
Heteropogon contortus (L.) P.Beauv. ex Roem. & Schult. - English: tangelhead; Hawaiian: pili
Heterotheca grandiflora Nutt. - unspecified: telegraph weed
Hylocereus undatus (Haw.) Britton & Rose - Spanish: Pitahaya orejona
Indigofera suffruticosa Mill. - unspecified: indigobush
Ipomoea cairica (L.) Sweet - unspecified: mile-a-minute vine
Ipomoea indica (Burm.) Merr. - English: blue morningglory
Ipomoea tuboides O.Deg. & Ooststr. - English: Hawaii morningglory
Lantana camara L. - English: largeleaf lantana, nettleleaf shrubverbena
Lepidium oblongum Small - English: veiny pepperweed
Lipochaeta rockii Sherff - English: Rock's nehe
Lycium sandwicense A.Gray - en: none; English: Hawai'i desert-thorn
Macroptilium lathyroides (L.) Urb. - English: wild bushbean
Malva parviflora L. - unspecified: cheeseweed
Mangifera indica L. - English: mango
Melanthera bryanii (Sherff) W.L.Wagner & H.Rob. - English: pili nehe; unspecified: pili nehe
Melanthera integrifolia (Nutt.) W.L.Wagner & H.Rob. - English: Kure Atoll nehe; unspecified: Kure Atoll nehe
Melanthera lavarum (Gaudich.) W.L.Wagner & H.Rob. - English: coastal nehe; unspecified: coastal nehe
Melinis minutiflora P.Beauv. - unspecified: puakatau
Melinis repens (Willd.) Zizka - unspecified: rose Natal grass, Natal grass
Merremia aegyptia (L.) Urb. - English: hairy woodrose
Momordica charantia L. - English: balsampear
Neonotonia wightii (Wight & Arn.) Lackey - English: perennial soybean, Wight's neonotonia, Mearns' neonotonia
Neraudia sericea Gaudich. - English: woodland ma'oloa
Nicotiana glauca Graham - unspecified: tree tobacco
Nicotiana tabacum L. - English: cultivated tobacco
Nototrichium sandwicense (A.Gray) Hillebr. - English: Hawai'i rockwort
Opuntia ficus-indica (L.) Mill. - Spanish: Nopal de Castilla, Nopal espinudo
Oxalis corniculata L. - English: yellow wood sorrel
Pandanus tectorius Parkinson ex Z - English: screw pine; Hawaiian: hala
Panicum fauriei var. fauriei - unspecified: Faurie's panicgrass
Panicum fauriei var. latius (H.St.John) Davidse - unspecified: Faurie's panicgrass
Panicum ramosius Hitchc. - unspecified: Lanai panicgrass
Panicum torridum Gaudich. - unspecified: torrid panicgrass
Pluchea carolinensis (Jacq.) G.Don - English: cure for all
Pluchea indica (L.) Less. - unspecified: Indian pluchea
Plumbago zeylanica L. - English: wild leadwort, plumbago; Hawaiian: `iliahi
Polycarpon tetraphyllum (L.) L. - English: fourleaf manyseed
Polyscias sandwicensis (A.Gray) Lowry & G.M.Plunkett - Hawaiian: `ohe makai; English: `ohe
Portulaca villosa Cham. - English: hairy purslane
Prosopis pallida (Humb. & Bonpl. ex Willd.) Kunth - English: mesquite; Hawaiian: kiawe
Psydrax odorata (G.Forst.) A.C.Sm. & S.P.Darwin - Hawaiian: alahe`e; English: alahe'e
Raphanus sativus L. - unspecified: wild radish
Ricinus communis L. - English: Caston Bean; Hawaiian: pa`aila; unspecified: uluchula skoki
Salsola tragus L. - English: tumbleweed, tumbling thistle; unspecified: prickly Russian thistle, tumbleweed
Santalum ellipticum Gaudich. - English: coastal sandalwood
Scaevola taccada (Gaertn.) Roxb. - English: beach naupaka; Hawaiian: naupaka kahakai
Sesuvium portulacastrum (L.) L. - English: cencilla, sea purslane, western seapurslane; Hawaiian: `ākulikuli
Setaria verticillata (L.) P.Beauv. - unspecified: bristly foxtail, hooked bristlegrass
Sida fallax Walp. - English: yellow `ilima; Hawaiian: `ilima
Sida rhombifolia L. - English: Cuban-jute
Sigesbeckia orientalis L. - English: common St. Paul's wort
Sisymbrium altissimum L. - English: tumbleweed mustard
Solanum americanum Mill. - English: apple of sodom, smallflower nightshade, thorny popolo; Hawaiian: popolo kikania
Sonchus oleraceus L. - English: sow thistle
Sporobolus africanus (Poir.) Robyns & Tournay - unspecified: rattailgrass, rat-tail grass
Sporobolus virginicus (L.) Kunth - English: seashore dropseed; Hawaiian: Mahiki
Stachytarpheta jamaicensis (L.) Vahl - English: light-blue snakeweed
Thespesia populnea (L.) Sol. ex Corrêa - English: seaside mahoe; Hawaiian: milo
Tragus berteronianus Schult. - unspecified: spiked burrgrass
Tribulus cistoides L. - English: puncture vine
Tridax procumbens L. - unspecified: tridax
Verbena litoralis Kunth - English: seashore vervain
Verbesina encelioides (Cav.) Benth. & Hook. - English: golden crownbeard; unspecified: golden crownbeard
Vigna o-wahuensis Vogel - English: Oahu cowpea
Vitex rotundifolia L.f. - English: roundleaf chastetree; Hawaiian: pōhinahina
Waltheria indica L. - Spanish: basora-prieta
Zinnia peruviana (L.) L. - English: Peruvian zinnia

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Development of the Consortium of Pacific Herbaria and several of the specimen databases have been supported by National Science Foundation Grants (BRC 1057303, ADBC 1304924 and ADBC1115116). Data Usage Policy. Copyright © 2015 University of Hawai‘i.

How to Cite: M.B. Thomas, J.F. Rock Herbarium, University of Hawaii at Manoa. 2015. Consortium of Pacific Herbaria Database (CPH). Available from: http://www.pacificherbaria.org/ (date accessed)

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